Congressional republicans are now pointing to the new guidelines as an example of how government-backed health care will affect private medical decisions.
Democrats and the Obama administration say the task force has no power to affect coverage decisions.
"We have to get rid of the profit-driven, insurance company-driven health insurance system that we have, where it's insurance company bureaucrats, Senator Coburn, that are getting in between patients and their doctors. To suggest that this bill will put government in between patients and their doctors is really disingenuous," said Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz of Florida.
"They are playing around with excessive government control and this administration and, regrettably, this Congress has been all about more government control, more government intrusion," said Sen. Kit Bond of Missouri.
Democrats say the republican health care alternative does not provide coverage for mammograms or other such preventative services.