About 400 people were reportedly arrested over the weekend. Demonstrators said they will keep protesting until their government collapses.
Tensions in Algeria have been high since last month when riots broke out over high food prices.
The Coordination for Democratic Change in Algeria - an umbrella group for human rights activists, unionists, lawyers and others - called Sunday for another rally to take place on Feb. 19 throughout the country.
Saturday's rally, which came a day after an uprising in Egypt toppled that country's autocratic ruler, took place only in the capital, Algiers.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.