Police said the incident began when Johnson and his wife, Evelyn Lozada, were at dinner and she confronted him about a receipt she found for the purchase of condoms.
They continued to argue on their drive to their home in Davie, just north of Miami, when Lozada said that Johnson head-butted her when they arrived at their driveway.
Lozana was treated at a hospital for a cut to her forehead, police said.
Johnson, 34, was arrested on charges of simple battery and domestic violence, which is a misdemeanor. He was being held in jail until he could appear before a judge, which may not be until Monday.
Johnson, who changed his last name back to Johnson from Ochocinco after his July 4 wedding to Lozada, is a six-time Pro Bowl receiver. He signed with the Dolphins in June.
Lozada is a reality TV personality who appears in the VH1 series "Basketball Wives."
The Associated Press contributed to this report.