A conservative watchdog group, Judicial Watch, had filed a freedom of information act request for the photos to be made public.
The CIA argued they should be classified and said images of bin Laden's burial at sea could prompt violence against Americans. The photos were used to conduct facial recognition analysis of bin Laden.
A three-judge panel of the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia agreed with the CIA that the photos could reveal classified intelligence methods.
A CIA official had made a declaration in the case that many of the photos and video recordings are "quite graphic, as they depict the fatal bullet wound to and other similarly gruesome images of his corpse."
The Associated Press contributed to this report.