Suleman, the 38-year-old mother of 14 children, was not immediately taken into custody. According to the Los Angeles County District Attorney's Office, she was expected to appear in court Friday. The D.A.'s office said it would ask that her bail be set at $25,000.
The complaint alleges that Suleman filed for public assistance in Lancaster in January 2013, but she did not disclose that she was receiving checks for personal appearances and residuals from videos. The extra income was not reported between Jan. 1, 2013, and June 30, 2013, the complaint states.
Suleman was charged with one count of aid by misrepresentation and two counts of perjury by false application. If convicted, she faces up to five years and eight months in custody.
Suleman was already the mother of six children when she gave birth to octuplets on Jan. 26, 2009. All 14 children were conceived through in vitro fertility treatments. Her octuplets are the world's longest-surviving set.
Dr. Michael Kamrava, the fertility doctor who treated Suleman, had his medical license revoked by the California Medical Board in 2011 after the board found him to be grossly negligent in the care of three patients, including Suleman.
The single mother has tried to support her family in a variety of ways, including endorsing birth control for pets, making a pornographic video, posing for semi-nude photo shoots and participating in celebrity boxing matches.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.