"Twelve Years a Slave" is close behind with nine nominations.
All three received nods for the best picture category, which also included "Captain Phillips," "Dallas Buyers Club," "Her," "Nebraska," "Philomena" and "Wolf of Wall Street."
The most notable omission by the academy was Tom Hanks, whose lead performance in "Captain Phillips" was widely considered a shoo-in. Robert Redford, expected by many to be nominated for the shipwreck drama "All Is Lost," also missed out on a best actor nod. Redford has never won an acting Oscar.
Disney's making-of "Mary Poppins" tale "Saving Mr. Banks" also failed to land either a best picture nomination or a best actress nod for Emma Thompson.
The best actor nominees are Chiwetel Ejiofor for "12 Years a Slave," Bruce Dern for "Nebraska," Leonardo DiCaprio for "The Wolf of Wall Street," Matthew McConaughey for "Dallas Buyers Club" and Christian Bale for "American Hustle."
The best actress nominees are Amy Adams for "American Hustle," Cate Blanchett for "Blue Jasmine," Sandra Bullock for "Gravity," Judi Dench for "Philomena," and Meryl Streep for "August: Osage County."
With her nomination, Streep pads her record for most acting nominations. This is her 18th nod, including three wins, the last for 2011's "The Iron Lady."
The nominations were announced on Thursday by "Rush" and "Thor" actor Chris Hemsworth and Cheryl Boone Isaacs, president of the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts & Sciences, whose members vote for the Oscar winners.
The 2014 Oscars will take place on March 2 at the Dolby Theatre at Hollywood & Highland Center in Los Angeles and will air live on ABC7. Ellen DeGeneres will host for the second time.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.