The filmmaker made his first feature film in 1951. Berlanga made "Esa Pareja Feliz" (That Happy Couple) in collaboration with Juan Antonio Bardem, father of Hollywood actor Javier Bardem.
Berlanga's 1953 film "Bienvenido, Mister Marshall" explored Spain's hopes that the United States would help restore democracy and prosperity as it had in much of Europe after World War II.
Fifty years after filming "Bienvenido Mister Marshall," Berlanga sat behind a camera for the last time, to film a 10-minute sequence called "El sueno de la maestra" ("Teacher's Dream"), which had originally been planned for inclusion in the movie but had been banned by the censors.
Berlanga is survived by a son, Fernando.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.