Jurors deliberated for about five hours. They requested a list of all the trial exhibits, as well as office supplies, suggesting they were settling in for detailed discussions.
The jury will resume deliberations on Monday.
Jurors are weighing six criminal counts including conspiracy to violate the Federal Election Campaign Act, accepting contributions that exceeded campaign finance limits, and causing his campaign to file a false financial disclosure report. He has pleaded not guilty on all counts.
Edwards is accused of using about $1 million from two wealthy donors to hide his pregnant mistress, Rielle Hunter, during his 2008 presidential campaign.
During closing arguments Thursday, the prosecution said Edwards violated laws meant to protect Americans in an attempt to avoid a sex scandal. Edwards' attorneys countered by saying the former presidential candidate was guilty of committing sins, but not crimes.
The defense also accused prosecutors of trying to use sordid details of the cover-up of an affair to send a famous politician to prison.
Edwards faces up to 30 years in prison and $1.5 million in fines if he's convicted of all charges.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.