Calderon, 56, was arraigned in downtown Los Angeles Monday afternoon. He pleaded not guilty.
Bail was set at $50,000. His wife signed an appearance bond and Calderon was released. He was ordered to surrender his passport and his travel was limited to the continental US.
A jury trial was set for April 22.
The lawmaker from Montebello was indicted on 24 counts last week, accused of taking more than $100,000 in cash bribes, along with trips and dinners in exchange for supporting legislation.
Calderon denies any wrongdoing. His brother Tom Calderon, a former state lawmaker who now works as a lobbyist, pleaded not guilty on Friday to several money laundering charges for allegedly funneling bribe money through a nonprofit group and consulting company he operates.
Tom Calderon is free on bail, with a tentative trial date scheduled for April 15.