In the recording, Gibson is heard screaming at the top of his lungs at screenwriter Joe Eszterhas. It was a rant full of expletives that's part of a long public feud between the two men.
"I've got to work. You're getting paid, I'm not," Gibson screams. "I am earning money for a filthy (expletive) who takes advantage of me."
According to the website TheWrap.com, the rant happened at Gibson's home in Costa Rica. Gibson is angry the script for a movie he's working on, "The Maccabees," is not finished.
"Why don't I have a first draft of 'The Maccabees'? What the (expletive) have you been doing?" Gibson yells.
The recording was made by Eszterhas' 15-year-old son, who was also staying at Gibson's house.
Gibson's temper has been in the spotlight in the past. It was an issue in his custody battle with his ex-girlfriend Oksana Grigorieva.
On March 1, Gibson's attorney filed a letter with the court that Gibson had completed his yearlong anger management classes, ordered after he pleaded no contest to domestic violence involving Grigorieva.
Psychiatrist Dr. Joseph Haraszti says there's a lot more going on with Gibson than anger management issues.
"The anger problem is just the tip of the iceberg. That's ... the hallmark of bipolar illness. When somebody's in an acute episode, there's irritability, poor impulse control and explosiveness, rage attacks," he said.
The release of the recording comes after Eszterhas and Gibson attacked each other in a series of angry letters. In one letter Eszterhas tells Gibson, "I've come to the conclusion that the reason you won't make 'The Maccabees' is the ugliest possible one. You hate Jews."
In a response, Gibson said, "In 25 years of script development, I have never seen a more substandard first draft or a more significant waste of time."
In addition to talking about the script, in another part of the latest recording, Gibson then screams about lunch.
"Who wants to eat? Who the (expletive) wants to eat? Go have something to eat. Hooooraaaay," Gibson says.
Representatives for Gibson and Eszterhas did not respond to requests for comment. There are reports that Gibson's team is looking into whether making and releasing the recording broke any laws in Costa Rica.