Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department spokesman Steve Whitmore said the 61-year-old was arrested in South Los Angeles on Friday after the car she was riding in was pulled over for a mechanical malfunction.
She was released after posting $10,000 bail, said deputies.
Bonnie and her sisters grew up singing in church. She and June formed a duo and were singing in clubs when Anita and Ruth joined them.
The sisters released their first album in 1973 and won a Grammy in 1974. Bonnie left in 1977 for a solo career.
She is due in court in Inglewood on Jan. 17.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.