It is now considered the deadliest mass shooting in the state's history, and the deadliest mass shooting at a place of worship in U.S. history.
The shooter died, according to law enforcement officials. He was identified as Devin Kelley, who was 26 and from New Braunfels, Texas, a law enforcement official said.
Authorities said at 11:20 a.m., a suspect dressed in all black was spotted at a Valero gas station across the street from First Baptist Church. He then drove to the church, exited his vehicle and opened fire outside.
The suspect, who was also wearing a ballistic vest, then went to the right of the building and continued firing his weapon. The suspect then went inside the church and continued shooting at churchgoers.
Authorities said as the suspect was leaving the church, a citizen grabbed his own weapon and engaged the suspect, who fled the scene.
The suspect dropped what was described as a Ruger model AR-556, a variant of an AR-15 rifle.
MORE: What we know about the suspected gunman in the Texas church shooting
The citizen chased after the suspect, who ran into his vehicle and drove off. As police were responding to the shooting, the suspect lost control of his vehicle, crashed and was found dead inside.
Authorities said it was unclear if the shooter died of a self-inflicted wound or during the confrontation with the citizen.
Multiple victims, ranging in ages from 5 to 72, were among the dead and others transported to nearby hospitals. Twenty-three people inside the church were killed and two others were found outside. One person later died at a hospital, authorities said.
Among those killed was Annabelle Pomeroy, the 14-year-old daughter of the church's pastor, Frank Pomeroy, and his wife, Sherri. The couple were out of town at the time of the shooting.
The FBI also responded to the scene of the massacre.
MORE: Pastor's 14-year-old daughter among dead in Texas church shooting
Authorities are searching Kelley's social media accounts and said that in recent days, he showed off what appeared to be an AR-15 style gun on his Facebook page.
A LinkedIn account possibly connected to Kelley indicated he may have had a military background. The Air Force later confirmed to ABC News that Kelley served from 2010 until he was discharged.
The Air Force added Kelley served in logistics readiness at Holloman Air Force Base in New Mexico.
A spokesperson for the Air Force also said that Kelley was court-martialed in 2012 for assaulting his wife and child. He then received a bad conduct discharge.
Kelley then spent a year in the brig at Holloman for the offenses and got out in 2013, a source told ABC News.
An ATF source said that agents are also searching Kelley's home for explosives.
People outside the church were filmed crying and holding hands as they prayed together in the wake of the tragedy.
Texas Attorney General Ken Paxton issued a statement in the wake of the shooting.
President Donald Trump tweeted, "May God be w/ the people of Sutherland Springs, Texas. The FBI & law enforcement are on the scene. I am monitoring the situation from Japan."
May God be w/ the people of Sutherland Springs, Texas. The FBI & law enforcement are on the scene. I am monitoring the situation from Japan.— Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) November 5, 2017
Texas Gov. Greg Abbott also issued a statement on the deadly massacre.
Statement on shooting in Sutherland Springs, TX. pic.twitter.com/ffUbQgYdWD— Gov. Greg Abbott (@GovAbbott) November 5, 2017
The small, white, wood-framed church with a Texas flag on a pole at the entrance usually had a morning worship scheduled for 11 a.m.
Sutherland Springs is a community of about 400 people, 30 miles southeast of San Antonio.
The Associated Press and ABC News contributed to this report.