The money will provide salary and benefits for 4,699 officers and deputies over the next three years.
California received $211 million, which will help hire or re-hire 649 officers across 109 state agencies.
Agencies that receive the funding will be required to retain the grant-funded position for at least one year.
The Los Angeles Police Department will receive $16.3 million, to fund about new 50 positions on the force.
Santa Ana has been awarded $6.7 million, to help employ 18 new officers.
Vice President Joe Biden says the grant is essential to improving the quality of life for Americans.
"A big part of the Recovery Act is about building communities -- making them as strong as they can be, allowing every American family to live a better life than the one they are leading now," Biden said. "And we can't achieve the goal of stronger communities without supporting those who keep our streets safe."
City News Service contributed to this report.