A couple accused him of hurling the insults at them in a Parisian cafe in February.
The couple filed a legal complaint, and another woman then accused him of similar insults. Later, a video surfaced in which he appeared to praise Adolf Hitler.
Galliano issued a statement at the time saying: "Anti-Semitism and racism have no part in our society. I unreservedly apologize for my behavior in causing any offense." Galliano also said he was "seeking help" for his personal failures, without elaborating.
The accusations got him fired from his top job at Dior on the eve of Paris fashion week.
Galliano's trial is set for June 22.
If he is convicted, he could face up to six months in prison and $31,000 in fines.
After joining Dior in 1996, Galliano made an indelible mark on the storied house, with theatrical, often outrageous, runway shows that were among the most-anticipated displays on the Paris fashion calendar.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.