"Even to be broke, you still need money...The first call, the first meeting was free. And then they quoted me and I'm like, really? So on top of what I owe, I'm going pay you another 15 grand, 20 grand? How is that possible? They're just after your money. They don't even know what you're going through and they're already asking for a retainer, they're asking for these packages, and they even recommend a loan company if you can't pay it," Balam said.
Balam found himself couch surfing and says he felt ostracized by friends and family.
Hollywood resident 86-year-old David Kearse can relate. During the pandemic, Kearse incurred thousands of dollars in unexpected medical bills totaling over $20,000.
"I had a fall a year ago and I had to have caregivers at first around the clock and then daily from an agency. They cost me $4,000 a month and my income pension was about half of that, so I exhausted all my resources. I used all my credit cards," Kearse said.
Unable to afford the legal fees of a bankruptcy attorney, both desperately searched the internet and came across the nonprofit Upsolve, a free service that allows low-income Americans to file for Chapter 7 bankruptcy on their own.
"There is this cruel irony in America that it costs $1,500 on average in legal fees in order to file for bankruptcy. So what we've set out to do is make that process free for low-income families who can't afford legal fees, which are in many cases like modern day poll taxes. When you can't pay the fee, you can't access your rights," said Rohan Pavuluri, the CEO and co-founder of Upsolve.
Experts believe personal bankruptcy filings could rise in California with a majority of the financial assistance during the pandemic ending, like unemployment benefits and the eviction moratorium.
According to a projection from the Justice Department, personal and company bankruptcy filings will double in 2022 compared to what they are in 2021.
"It cleared my head so I wanted to create again. I wanted to write again. I was free to do that without the anxiety," Kearse said.
"Bankruptcy is part of the American DNA. It's to give people a second chance after they've faced these hard times," Pavuluri said.
Although Kearse and Balam weren't turned off by the stigma surrounding bankruptcy, so many people are - and they could end up homeless or in dire financial trouble because of how the system is set up.
For more information, visit www.upsolve.org.
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