The House unanimously approved the impeachment charges earlier in 2010.
House lawmakers told the Senate that the 64-year-old judge had problems with gambling and began accepting cash and favors from people with business before his court.
Also, Porteous was accused of lying to Congress and filing for bankruptcy under a false name.
Porteous' attorneys argued that his behavior, while troubling, didn't merit impeachment.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.