The 25-year-old is free after posting $100,000 bail, but this could ultimately result in her going back to jail.
Lohan arrived in court for what was supposed to be a routine progress report, but minutes into the court session, Los Angeles Superior Court Judge Stephanie Sautner was not pleased with Lohan's progress.
"Ms. Lohan's actions deliberately made it impossible for her to perform her sentence at the downtown Women's Center. Probation as you know, as the prosecutor knows, and has always been my view, is a gift. And there's something called looking a gift horse in the mouth," Sautner said.
Lohan had been ordered to 360 hours of community service at a downtown women's shelter, and another 120 hours at the county morgue.
But on Wednesday, it appeared Lohan had completed very little of that time in six months. Sautner said as far as she could tell, Lohan had only fulfilled about two hours of 360 hours required at the Skid Row shelter for women.
Lohan apparently missed nine scheduled visits to the Women's Center and was terminated from the program.
Lohan's attorney Shawn Chapman Holley tried to explain that Lohan had to travel to Europe for work.
"Her traveling to Europe was not to have fun. It was to make money, to support herself and support her family," Holley told Sautner.
Complicating the matter was another report from Lohan's psychologist that said Lohan never missed any of her therapy sessions, which were scheduled to take place every Tuesday. Sautner asked how Lohan was able to make it to those sessions if she was abroad.
Sautner didn't buy any of the arguments Holley presented, gave Lohan a stern warning and had her taken into custody. Lohan was ordered to complete 32 hours at the county morgue before her next hearing, which was scheduled for Nov. 2. During that hearing, the judge will decide whether Lohan violated her probation.
Sautner has warned Lohan in the past that she could be sent back to jail if she violates any of the terms of her probation. Lohan has already been sent to jail four times, only to be released early due to jail overcrowding.
Lohan's publicist, Steve Honig, released the following statement after the actress was taken into custody.
"Lindsay is hoping this matter will be resolved on November 2 and the court will reinstate probation and allow her to continue fulfilling her community service."
"I just want it be known, that just because I was not followed & photographed during the times I've gone to community service, does NOT mean that I wasn't following my obligations (by going) to the court," she said.
A hearing was scheduled for Nov. 2.
City News Service contributed to this report.