It's been more than three years since he was charged with lying to a federal grand jury when he denied knowingly taking performance-enhancing drugs.
Jury selection begins in the morning, and the trial is expected to last more than two weeks.
One hundred prospective jurors filled out lengthy questionnaires Thursday asking them their opinion of Bonds, how many baseball games they have attended and dozens of other question designed to root bias among the jurors.
Bonds, who hit a record-breaking 762 home runs in a 21-year major league career, was ordered to testify in December 2003 before a grand jury investigating a major sports doping ring centered at the Bay Area Laboratory Co-Operative in Burlingame, Calif.
Investigators found documents and other evidence connecting Bonds' to the lab, best known as BALCO, after raids there and at the home of Bonds' personal trainer Greg Anderson.
If convicted, Bonds could face 15 to 21 months in prison.
The Associated Press contributed to this story.