The Rev. Terry Jones was briefly arrested then released after posting a $1 bond he refused to pay earlier.
Jones had initially refused to pay the $1 bond because doing so would violate his freedom of speech.
The pastor had planned a demonstration Friday evening outside the Islamic Center of America in Dearborn.
He insisted that his views are reasonable.
"We're not accusing all Muslims," Jones said. "We are speaking out against that particular aspect that we all agree is real."
Jones presided over a Koran burning several weeks ago, which provoked a riot and the killings of United Nations workers in Afghanistan.
His plan to protest in Michigan had drawn widespread opposition, including counter demonstrators.
"I said that Pastor Jones is looking for publicity and it seems that he found a shortcut for publicity by burning the Koran," said Imam Sayed Hassan Qazwini of the Islamic Center of America.
The Associated Press contributed to this story